Eye Infections

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Eye Infections

Just like every other part of our body, eyes also experience many types of infections. Eye infections usually are developed due to bacteria, viruses or fungi.

These infections can affect one eye or both. There are many symptoms such as itching, dischange, redness, pain, swelling or vision problems, which show that you may have an eye infection.

Some common infections in the eyes can be:

  • Stye

It happens when skin bacteria enters the hair follicle of your eyelash. It usually has the shape of a bump on the eyelid.

  • Conjunctivitis

It is usually named as Pinkney. This kind of infection mostly affects children and a bad thing about it is its contagious ability. Treatments of eye infections in general depend from the cause of the infection. The doctor will probably prescribe you antibiotics, eye drops, compresses or creams.

How to Get the Right Diagnose

If you suspect you have some of the symptoms of eye infections, it is important you go to your eye doctor who will examine your eyes and give you the right diagnoses. We wouldn’t recommend you trying to self-diagnose, as it can delay your treatment and harm your sight.

Another viral eye infection is ocular herpes. It happens if you expose your eyes to herpes virus. Fungal keratitis is an eye infection which became popular especially on 2006. It is linked with Fusarium fungi which is placed usually in organic matter. This infection invades in the eye through an injury caused by a tree branch.

This infection is usually spread by flies in unsanitary places in particular. The part of the eye is typically effected by trachoma is the inner eyelid that start to scar. Then, scarring leads to “in-turning” of your eyelid.

  • Acanthamoeba

Encountering parasites are very risky, as they may invade in the eye and lead to serious sight infections which are usually called Acanthamoeba keratitis that effect especially contacts lens wearers. There are many safety advices about protecting your contact lens wearers, and one of them is to avoid swimming if you are wearing contacts.

In case it occurs you swim with your contact lenses, first thing to do is take off and disinfect immediately your lenses. It is important you use the proper contact lens disinfecting and cleaning products in order to lower the danger of eye infections.

  • Trachoma

This of infection is not very popular but the facts show that it is wide spread in specific regions. Trachoma is related with Chlamydia trachomatis and it is very dan as it can lead to blindness. After that, eyelashes may start to destroy cornea tissues and brush against.

Bad news about this infection is that the result of it may be permanent blindness, that is why you should be aware and visit a doctor in case you suspect anything wrong with your eyes. Another important advice that you should always follow is good hygiene and taking treatment in time. Trachoma treatments consist usually on oral antibiotics.

  • Endophthalmitis

Endophthalmitis infection is caused by the bacteria with the same name. This type of infection damages your eyes interior and it can cause blindness. This is the reason why it is required an immediate treatment including patient antibiotics.

Sometimes Endophthalmitis can happen as a very rare complication of eyes surgery, cataract surgery for example. There is a chance of 8% you may develop endophthalmitis in case of any eyes’ globe injury.

Eye Infections Treatments

A good thing is that most common bacterial eye infections that happen to us disappear after using antibiotics, eye drops or compresses. Some viral eyes infections can even clear up on their own. But if you’re experiencing a severe viral eye infection your doctor will probably prescribe you an antiviral eye drop.

How to Prevent Eye Infections

Always wash your hands before touching your eyes, especially if you are around any person with red eyes. Holding with you anti-infective sprays would be also a good choice. So a good eye hygiene is the first step to prevent your eyes from infections that are everywhere around us.

Read also: How to Treat Wound Infections.

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