Cancer is a disease that happens in case of genes mutations which help to regulate the cell growth. These mutations cause the cells multiply and divide in a chaotic and uncontrolled way. It’s frightening how fast the cells multiply and progressively produce more abnormal copies, instead of producing healthy new cells. Whenever all this process occurs, it forms a tumor. In particular, breast cancer is developed in breast cells.
Often this cancer is formed in the ducts or lobules of the breast. Actually these are the pathways which assist in bringing the milk from glands to nipple. According to ACS (American Cancer Society) in 2013, a number of more than 64000 women were diagnosed with breast cancer and more than 39000 women would die from this disease. Men were not immune but the number of those who were diagnosed of this disease was only 2000.
Types of Breast Cancer
As there are several types of breast cancer, it is important to determine which type you have, in order to get the proper treatment. Some common types of breast cancer can be:
- Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS).
This type of breast cancer grows in glands which produce the breast milk. What’s good about LCIS is that the cancer cells haven’t invaded around the tissue yet.
- Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS).
If you have DCIS, the cells which surround the ducts of your breast are cancerous; they have changed and are not invaded yet.
- Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC).
This is the most typical type of breast cancer. IDC starts in the breast ducts and it invades in close tissues of the breast. If the breast cancer spreads outside your milk ducts, it is a matter of time until it spreads to nearby organs.
Some Factors That Can Lead to Breast Cancer
There aren’t discovered any concrete causes of breast cancer yet, but there are though some factors which increase the risk of suffering from this disease. Having a family history with breast cancer always increases the possibility that you can develop this disease.
Other risky factors are:
If you don’t have any family history about breast cancer, then it is likely that you will not develop this disease before age 40. Researchers have concluded that 66% of breast cancer happens in women over age 55.
– Dense breast tissue.
This type of breast tissue makes it harder to read mammograms. It is also proven that dense breast tissue raises the risk for breast cancer.
– Consumption of alcohol.
Everyone who consumes alcohol in an excessive way is at risk for developing breast cancer. This is the conclusion of American Health Academy.
It is proven that women develop breast cancer 100 times more than men.
– Menstruations in an early age.
Women, who had their first menstruations before age 12, are more likely to be affected by breast cancer. This fact is based on many studies made on thousands of cases.
The most risky category of women are those who have the BRCA2 and BRCA1 gene mutations. Other gene mutations can be also risky for developing breast cancer.
– Giving birth at an older age.
Having your first child after age 35 means that your chances to experience breast cancer have increased.
– Inherited risk.
If your mother, sister, daughter or grandmother had breast cancer, you risked of developing this disease too. Remember that the major part of women that have breast cancer, they don’t have any family history of this disease.
– Hormone therapy.
There are women who take post-menopausal estrogen and progesterone medications in order to lower their menopause signs. This category is more risked of breast cancer.
– Late menopause.
If you start menopause after age 55, you have an increased possibly to experience breast cancer.
– Previous breast cancer.
Women, who had breast cancer in one breast, have a higher risk to experience this disease in another area, different from the first one.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
It is very important to know which are the symptoms of this disease in order to diagnose it in its first stages and avoid the risk of death. What is worse about this dangerous disease is that it doesn’t have any symptoms in its early stages, that’s why making regularly checkups is fundamental.
The most common symptoms are:
– An unexplained, sudden change in the size or shape of the breast
– Pitted, red skin all over the breast
– A tissue or lump thickening which you feel different than other parts
– Swelling in one part or in all the breast
– A swelling or lump below the arm
– Scaling, flaking or peeling in the skin of the breast or nipple
– Bloody discharge of your nipple
Remember that the test you should do to diagnose breast cancer is mammogram.
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